Instituto Exclusivo - English http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/language/english en Teaching in a hot pot of emotion http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/teaching-hot-pot-emotion <div class="field field-name-field-content-related field-type-node-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Content related:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/blog/la-ense%C3%B1anza-en-una-olla-caliente-de-emoci%C3%B3n">La enseñanza en una olla caliente de emoción</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-author field-type-ds field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Author:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">Tom Laurence</div></div></div><div class="field field-name-post-date field-type-ds field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Post date:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">07/19/2017 - 19:01</div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-image field-type-image field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><img typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" src="http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/sites/default/files/styles/ie_blog__720x540_/public/1.jpg?itok=RqgvZ2md" width="720" height="407" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even" property="content:encoded"><p>The classroom window is merely a token barrier against the joyful sound of Bolivian big band music and energetic school kids marching outside. Looking out the window from the institute with a group of students, we see the road safety Zebras dancing playfully in the street as well. This exhibition of emotion and identity highlights the freedom of expression that is not only prevalent living in the city of La Paz, but also working at Instituto Exclusivo - both of which I have been doing for the past 6 months. Both the city and and the institute are environments in which people can express their interests, identity and emotion.<img alt="" height="448" src="/sites/default/files/2.jpg" style="float:right" width="256" /></p> <p>I think the expression of emotion is one of the main differences between English and Bolivian culture. This spills into public expression as well as people’s private spheres. Take dancing for example. This simple act of moving your body in time to music is a difficult feat, especially for myself. However in La Paz, the ability and feeling expressed by people astonishes me. In this highland canyon city, there are bars and clubs full of various music genres - South American and Western alike; and people here seem to enjoy a good dance to everything! There is also a different attitude to live music in social settings. In England, the music either comes from a computer or a DJ. Not to say people don’t do that here, but live music is much more accepted. People seem to be much more enthusiastic when somebody picks up a guitar or a charango and belts out a ‘‘Wonderwall’’-esq classic.</p> <p>This passion for music and dance is not confined to a garden or living room either. It is also  witnessed on the streets of La Paz as a public expression of love and passion for the country. There are numerous public holidays dedicated to historic events, religion and culture, all vigorously celebrated regionally and nationally. Highlights in La Paz include Day of the Sea, Gran Poder and the famous Carnaval. The streets fill with music, colour and voices in support of Bolivia, with dancers on parade moving in unison in a range of incredible, flamboyant and creative costumes. The most recent regional holiday was the anniversary of La Paz City. It was a weekend full of live music and revelry on the streets. People were  enjoying Bolivian specialties such as Té con Té (a mix of the Bolivian alcoholic beverage Singani with black tea, lemon, cinnamon and sugar) and Sucombé (Singani with hot milk and cinnamon) amongst other tasty delicacies.  <i></i></p> <p>All of La Paz’s energy and power makes it a great place to teach. It gives you lots of relevant things to talk about that you and your student have in common. At I.E, the teachers have the freedom to put their own personality into their lessons and this is a great enabler in getting to know students and bonding with them. At the end of the day, acquiring a language is acquiring a tool to help you understand the world and communicate with those who live in it. Teachers and students getting to know each other is essential for learning and making an enjoyable classroom environment. It would be very difficult to go into classes and have to change your personality or be unable to express yourself.</p> <p>One exercise I really like which helps me to get to know my student, and visa versa, is what I call ‘My Perfect Place’. This looks at the difference between present simple and present continuous. I first ask the student to think about the two tenses and relate them to where we are and what we are doing. Following this, I tell the student I’m going to describe where I wish I was and what I wish I was doing/what was happening. Then, while the student has their eyes closed, I set the scene of where we are, the weather, the surroundings. I continue to add in what is happening around us and what we are doing - what we are eating, listening to, etc. This shows the student what I, the teacher, enjoy. Then the student creates their own ‘Perfect Place,’ allowing me to get to know a little bit about them. Depending on the student’s level and what you as the teacher are focusing on, you can add instructions such as “Act out any actions you can,” or ‘’Use an adverb and adjective in each sentence.’’</p> <p><img alt="" height="261" src="/sites/default/files/pictures/3.jpg" width="448" /></p> </div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-addthis field-type-addthis field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Share this:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div class="addthis_toolbox addthis_default_style addthis_32x32_style " addthis:title="Teaching in a hot pot of emotion - Instituto Exclusivo" addthis:url="http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/teaching-hot-pot-emotion"><a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_facebook"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_twitter"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_google_plusone_share"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_cleanprint"></a> </div> </div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-tags field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Tags:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">teaching English / La Paz / Bolivian culture</div></div></div> Wed, 19 Jul 2017 23:01:45 +0000 Tom Laurence 177 at http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/teaching-hot-pot-emotion#comments Welcome! Get to know Bolivia and its diversity http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/welcome-get-know-bolivia-and-its-diversity <div class="field field-name-field-content-related field-type-node-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Content related:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/blog/%C2%A1ven-conoce-bolivia-y-su-diversidad">¡Ven! Conoce Bolivia y su diversidad</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-author field-type-ds field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Author:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">Alejandra Campos</div></div></div><div class="field field-name-post-date field-type-ds field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Post date:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">07/05/2017 - 20:49</div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-image field-type-image field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><img typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" src="http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/sites/default/files/styles/ie_blog__720x540_/public/222_0.jpg?itok=mPS_g-sA" width="720" height="407" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even" property="content:encoded"><p>Bolivia is a diverse country full of natural treasures and incredible landscapes, among other characteristics that make this country a special and unique place. Bolivia is in the heart of South America - bordering Peru, Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil and Chile - and has nine departments. This 6th of August, Bolivia is celebrating another year of independence, which was declared on this date in 1825.</p> <p>La Paz is a department located in the west of Bolivia, where you will be able to find beautiful snowy mountains; very interesting places like: Tiwanaku, whose ruins show part of Bolivia’s history; and you can also visit the highest navigable lake in the world, located in the Altiplano region, ‘Lake Titicaca.’ Now, if you prefer warm weather, you can visit the Yungas region and its famous ‘Death Road’, or Madidi National Park, located in the north bordering the department of Beni. The city of La Paz is the seat of government, for this reason, Bolivia’s political power is concentrated here.<img alt="" height="298" src="/sites/default/files/DSC_0866_0.jpg" style="float:right" width="448" /></p> <p>Oruro is located in the west of the country in the Bolivian Altiplano. Carnival here marks the most popular time for domestic and international tourists to visit, since it displays traditional dances and is one of the most important attractions that depicts the culture and history of the country. Another tourist destination is Sajama National Park, which offers beautiful landscapes.</p> <p><img alt="" height="336" src="/sites/default/files/DSC_0824_0.jpg" style="float:left" width="423" />Potosí, also located in the south east of Bolivia, constitutes an important part of not only the country, but of the world. This is due to its mineral wealth, which has heavily contributed to the world and is continuing to be mined. One of the most incredible and popular tourist destinations is the ‘Salar de Uyuni’, the world’s largest salt flat, a place that you can not forget to visit. There’s also Toro Toro National Park, which borders the department of Cochabamba.</p> <p>Chuquisaca, located in the south-centre of the country, has the city of Sucre as its capital, the constitutional capital of Bolivia. It is characterised by its colonial architecture, the houses are painted in white and it is also an important region for palaeontology since Cretático National Park displays various dinosaur footprints.</p> <p>Cochabamba is in the centre of the country. It has a pleasant climate and is characterised by offering a variety of traditional dishes, for instance, silpancho, pique macho, chicharron, etc. It has many national parks, such as Tunari, Isiboro Securé and Carraso, which preserve a diversity of flora and fauna.<img alt="" height="336" src="/sites/default/files/049.jpg" style="float:right" width="448" /></p> <p>Tarija, located in the south of Bolivia, has a lot of natural richness, a warm climate and the best wine in the country.</p> <p> </p> <p><img alt="" height="448" src="/sites/default/files/20140814_184755.jpg" style="float:left" width="336" />Santa Cruz is a department which is situated in the east of the country and its capital is the most populous city in Bolivia. As well as having strong economic growth, it is the biggest department and it has a warm tropical climate and important ecological reserves, such as the Amboro and the Noel Kempff Mercado National Parks, as well as the Chiquitanía region.</p> <p>Beni and Pando are in the north of Bolivia and together they make up the Amazonian part of the country. This is because of their tropical climate and vast expanses that preserve a variety of vegetation and species of animals.</p> <p>These are only some of the features of the nine departments that make up Bolivia, and of course, you are invited to experience all of these in this beautiful and diverse country.</p> </div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-addthis field-type-addthis field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Share this:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div class="addthis_toolbox addthis_default_style addthis_32x32_style " addthis:title="Welcome! Get to know Bolivia and its diversity - Instituto Exclusivo" addthis:url="http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/welcome-get-know-bolivia-and-its-diversity"><a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_facebook"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_twitter"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_google_plusone_share"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_cleanprint"></a> </div> </div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-tags field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Tags:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">bolivia / La Paz / Oruro / Potosí / Chuquisaca / Tarija / Cochabamba / Beni / Pando / Santa Cruz</div></div></div> Thu, 06 Jul 2017 00:49:11 +0000 Alejandra Campos 176 at http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/welcome-get-know-bolivia-and-its-diversity#comments Casera http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/casera <div class="field field-name-field-content-related field-type-node-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Content related:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/blog/casera-0">Casera</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-author field-type-ds field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Author:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">Matthew English</div></div></div><div class="field field-name-post-date field-type-ds field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Post date:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">06/22/2017 - 12:19</div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-image field-type-image field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><img typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" src="http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/sites/default/files/styles/ie_blog__720x540_/public/pic%20Matt.jpeg?itok=qIbySGG2" width="720" height="407" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even" property="content:encoded"><p>“Hola casero,” Vicky cries out to one of her customers walking past the outside entrance of her food stand. The pedestrian ignores her.</p> <p>She expresses a dramatic look of shock. “Oops, I don’t think I know him,” she laughs. She never misses an opportunity to greet, occasionally accidentally calling after complete strangers.</p> <p>Even if she doesn’t know him, her affectionate use of the word casero may entice him to try one of her tacos or hamburgers another day. In Bolivia, casero or casera can be used to address both the client and the shopkeeper. It’s an endearing term that ensures the shopkeeper that “you know I wouldn’t buy from anyone else” and reminds the client that “I’m giving you much better prices than the other shops.” Vicky uses it to make everyone feel welcome at her fast food stand.</p> <p>Vicky’s openness is what I need to practice my language skills. It’s not Spanish I’m trying to improve, but an indigenous language: Aymara. The Bolivian constitution recognizes 36 indigenous languages. Sadly, several of these languages are long extinct and many others are on the brink of extinction. Aymara, however, remains strong with some 1.7 million speakers in Bolivia (1). Still, Spanish has pushed it’s way into even the most isolated Aymara speaking villages, making me wonder if there is any incentive left to teach or learn it.</p> <p>“What do you want Mateo?” Vicky turns away from the activity on the street and flashes me a gold toothed smile. We’ve recently stopped referring to each other as casero and casera and moved on to a first name basis. I never call any of the other shop keepers by their first name, but with Vicky it feels natural. She’s younger and more open than anyone else I buy from.</p> <p>“Hamburgesa aljita,” I remind her that I want practice speaking Aymara. While Spanish dominates communication in La Paz, Aymara is not uncommon. Its raspy guttural sounds surface at the local markets or at less formal bus stations. I find it difficult however, to open a conversation in Aymara. It takes Aymara speakers several seconds to register that a gringo is trying to speak Aymara. If I receive a response in Aymara, it is unlikely that I will be able to understand it. My biggest fear is that I will offend someone, as it is difficult to separate Bolivian languages from their racial implications.</p> <p>Vicky doesn’t get offended. “Poqata muntati?” She knows that I want my burger with everything on it, but she repeats the question every time I see her anyway. It creates a fun illusion that I can carry a conversation in Aymara. Anyone listening in may believe that I can speak it. Unless you know or study a foreign language yourself, it’s hard to decipher whether someone only knows a couple basic questions or is able to actually speak that language.</p> <p>“Do you speak Aymara?” A women looks up from her salchipapas. This question leads to many more as I clarify which languages I can or can’t speak and why exactly I live in Bolivia. “My grandmother used to speak to me in Aymara,” she says, “I can still understand it, but I can’t really speak it.” I’ve heard this statement more than a couple times.</p> <p>“Do you speak Aymara with your daughters?” I include Vicky. She’s a proud 24 year-old mother.</p> <p>“Judith understands Aymara, and we speak it with her.” Vicky makes it sound like they are keeping the language alive in her family, but I have my doubts.</p> <p>Judith often hangs out in the restaurant tracing the letters of the alphabet in her pre-school notebook. I have never heard her say a word in Aymara. Her mother will say some things to her in Aymara, but she shows no reaction and I don’t know if she understands. Vicky admits that even her own Aymara is not fluent. It may be people’s first language in the nearby countryside, but families often shift to Spanish when they move to the city.</p> <p>I once tried to chat in Aymara with a bus driver I often hire to take me to the mountains. He had no idea I had been studying Aymara and I thought he would be thrilled to hear me ask some basic questions. Instead, he got tongue tied and responded in Spanish, “I grew up speaking Aymara in a village next to Illimani. So did my wife. Now we live in El Alto and speak Spanish with each other. My children only speak Spanish. I haven’t spoken Aymara in years.”</p> <p>Vicky finishes serving two trankapechos. “Be careful with these,” Vicky grips her neck and pretends to choke. “Yaaaah,” she let’s the ladies know she’s just joking. They banter back and forth with Vicky. Then, they ask her about her daughters and compare pre-schools. Even after Vicky hands them their food to go they continue to chat. Finally they leave, exchanging warm good-byes with Vicky.</p> <p>Vicky sits down next to me for a quick break. “Ikiña munta,” she tells me. She looks tired. I don’t think she has a lot of free time between taking Judith to school, shopping for her food stand and serving dinner. Sometimes she goes home to El Alto to sleep, but tonight I can tell that she will sleep in the loft nailed up above her restaurant.</p> <p>“Do you want to learn some English?” I suggest.</p> <p>“I need to learn English. You have to teach me. I only remember how to say ‘please’ and ‘thank you’. Sometimes tourists come here and they can’t speak Spanish.”</p> <p>I decide she should learn how to express which dishes she has and which ones she doesn’t have even though it’s unlikely she will use it. She tries to pronounce the sentence I’ve written in my notebook and we bust out laughing. It’s not just speaking with customers that motivates Vicky, it’s learning for the sake of learning that makes her excited. It’s fun. Soon, we’re comparing English with Aymara and fascinated by the strange noises that can represent so much.</p> <p>As much as we want to learn languages for their practicality, the experience can be so much more. Languages provide glimpse into the soul of humanity. They are the rawest form of human expression, each one carrying its own perspective and unique flavor. Globalization is consolidating communication into the world’s mainstream languages. An unfortunate side-effect is the dramatic loss of linguistic diversity across the globe. Once every two weeks a language dies. Once every two weeks we lose a glimpse of what we are.(2)</p> <p> </p> <p>(1)<a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aymaran_languages">https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aymaran_languages</a></p> <p>(2)<a href="http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2012/07/vanishing-languages/rymer-text">http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2012/07/vanishing-languages/rymer-text</a></p> <p> </p> </div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-addthis field-type-addthis field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Share this:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div class="addthis_toolbox addthis_default_style addthis_32x32_style " addthis:title="Casera - Instituto Exclusivo" addthis:url="http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/casera"><a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_facebook"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_twitter"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_google_plusone_share"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_cleanprint"></a> </div> </div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-tags field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Tags:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">practice my language skills / speaking Aymara / speak Spanish / careo</div></div></div> Thu, 22 Jun 2017 16:19:39 +0000 Matthew English 173 at http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/casera#comments Writing without fear http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/writing-without-fear <div class="field field-name-field-content-related field-type-node-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Content related:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/blog/escribir-sin-miedo">Escribir sin miedo</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-author field-type-ds field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Author:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">Adriana Murillo</div></div></div><div class="field field-name-post-date field-type-ds field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Post date:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">06/07/2017 - 17:29</div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-image field-type-image field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><img typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" src="http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/sites/default/files/styles/ie_blog__720x540_/public/DSC_1436_0.jpg?itok=crglzmX0" width="720" height="407" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even" property="content:encoded"><p>Every person is unique and different, especially when it comes to learning languages. It us clear that there are several different teaching methods. Some people have analysed the most appropriate and quickest way to learn a foreign language, however, the method or textbook you use doesn’t really matter, since they are all valid approaches. However, we know that one method can be useful for some, but is completely useless for others. Written communication is a priority in the learning of a foreign language and occasionally, it is more practicable to write than to speak because knowing how to express yourself in written word goes further towards representing the sounds in words, it is the ability to express a thought with the objective of creating a communicative space in the process of maintaining social relationships.*1</p> <p>Everyone who learns languages prioritises the ability to communicate in a clear and immediate way. In many classes, students prefer to work on communicative skills, that’s to say - speaking and listening. For this reason, you could say that reading-writing skills are less relevant for some students who are learning a new language. Often they find these activities a little hard and even boring in some cases. However, considering that the practice of all these skills is connected, it is of vital importance to give them the necessary attention.</p> <p>The challenges that face us when we start writing are: cognitive (what we’re writing), communicative (for who), linguistic (grammar and orthography knowledge) and organisational (how we write).*2 These happen to all of us and it is true that before writing, you need ideas and and themes with which  you can work. Therefore, if you are in a class, the teacher will have to think about the themes that are appropriate for their students and provide appropriate material for the activity. On one hand, giving the theme context and revising relevant vocabulary would be recommended so that the student has some prior knowledge and can then do a more fluid piece of writing. Including the most basic levels, students will be able to do writing exercises even if it is making simple sentences at the start, and later moving onto more complex structures.</p> <p>Basically, the process of writing is the reproduction of a structured knowledge of what you have previously learnt. Writing for students in a foreign language could be based on their personal experiences, general descriptions of their lives or their interests. In the same way, writing will help them to structure their spoken language in a more appropriate way. On the other hand, reading will always be of great use. For example, there are several different types of texts that you can work with, such as magazine articles, news articles, opinion columns, literature, etc. It all depends on the student’s linguistic objective and their level.</p> <p style="text-align:center"><img alt="" height="284" src="/sites/default/files/pic_0.jpg" width="448" /></p> <p>The Ibero-American education magazine suggests that “even though the skill of writing in a foreign language is not a goal in itself, but it’s a way of supporting the learning of other aspects of verbal skills, if one directs themselves duly and practices frequently in the classroom, and not as an independent activity from the class, they will make it an efficient process.” Because of this, it would be advisable to write frequently and constantly, without fear of any mistakes. Despite writingt being an individual activity, it doesn’t prevent it from being communicative.</p> <p>In summary, writing is a method of communication that will allow you to use a language in a more refined way, whether it’s a foreign language or not. Practicing this skill will be useful and give you more confidence, therefore, write constantly and without fear of making mistakes.</p> <p> </p> <p>1*(Forteza R. Diagnóstico del desarrollo de la habilidad de escritura,observaciones no publicadas.)</p> <p>*2  <a href="http://rieoei.org/experiencias75.htm">http://rieoei.org/experiencias75.htm</a></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> </div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-addthis field-type-addthis field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Share this:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div class="addthis_toolbox addthis_default_style addthis_32x32_style " addthis:title="Writing without fear - Instituto Exclusivo" addthis:url="http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/writing-without-fear"><a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_facebook"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_twitter"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_google_plusone_share"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_cleanprint"></a> </div> </div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-tags field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Tags:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">learning languages / teaching methods / foreign language / Writing for students in a foreign language</div></div></div> Wed, 07 Jun 2017 21:29:57 +0000 Adriana Murillo 172 at http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/writing-without-fear#comments Language Learning and Dyslexia http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/language-learning-and-dyslexia <div class="field field-name-field-content-related field-type-node-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Content related:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/blog/el-aprendizaje-de-idiomas-y-la-dislexia">El aprendizaje de idiomas y la dislexia</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-author field-type-ds field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Author:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">Elizabeth Gould</div></div></div><div class="field field-name-post-date field-type-ds field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Post date:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">05/24/2017 - 22:14</div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-image field-type-image field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><img typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" src="http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/sites/default/files/styles/ie_blog__720x540_/public/20170524_215825.jpg?itok=N6lVkK_d" width="720" height="407" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even" property="content:encoded"><p>Dyslexia is treated as a ‘learning disability’, but is it really a disability to learn in a different way to other people? Despite initial difficulties dyslexia can be seen as a self-compensating disorder, dyslexics often unleash hidden talents as they find ways to go around small cognitive challenges. Some of the greatest thinkers and innovators of the modern age were/are dyslexic, for example Steven Spielberg, Richard Branson, and Pablo Picasso. Successful dyslexics are notable for their creativity, determination, and originality.</p> <p>Although it has no relationship to intelligence dyslexia often causes difficulties in reading, writing, math, and memory. With focus on reading and writing traditional language learning methods can leave dyslexics feeling despondent. Regardless of these obstacles, dyslexics can become excellent communicators in a second language.  I will discuss some tricks that could make it easier for dyslexics learning a new language.</p> <p>Once you have learnt the basic alphabet and sound of the new language, practice sounding out new words as you read them at home. If you are struggling to learn the pronunciation of the letters try putting them into a song or drawing pictures of what you think each letter sounds like. When you are writing a homework assignment say it as you write, this sounds simple but it really helps.</p> <p>Maybe it is joke against dyslexics but the word ‘dyslexia’ is particularly hard to spell. When learning a language there is often a disparity between the pronunciation and spelling of words (particularly in English), this often makes it difficult for students to unite their oral and literacy skills in a new language. Flashcards with pictures are particularly helpful for all language learners; they put the words in context and help you to visualize the word next to an image of what it is making memorization easier. Try to make your own creative flashcards that incorporate non-phonetic spelling in a memorable way.</p> <p>Dyslexics sometimes have problems focusing on large pieces of writing, the words seem to jump around and letters become unclear. Using a ruler to maintain focus on the line of text can help, but it isn’t always enough. It has been proven by scientist that using coloured paper, or putting a translucent coloured plastic film over text can significantly improve concentration, and reading speed. If these are not available it is a good idea to use highlighter pens to mark out important or challenging words.<img alt="" height="385" src="/sites/default/files/IMG_2677.jpg" style="float:right" width="336" /></p> <p>Typing out writing assignments rather than writing them by hand can be really helpful. This gives you the opportunity to make as many corrections as you wish. However be careful with spell check as it often makes mistakes, and changes your words to similar sounding but incorrect words.</p> <p>After all that hard studying you will find that context is everything. One of the best things you can do when learning a language is practice with native speakers. Go to a place where people actually speak the language on a daily basis. It is all about communication so you really need to just get out there and speak to people. If you don´t have the opportunity to speak to native speakers then watch movies in the language you are learning!</p> <p>Don’t be afraid to make mistakes! Learning another language is like learning to ride a bicycle, if you are too scared to fall over you will never get on that bicycle and you will never learn. Most native speakers will find your mistakes endearing and you will have funny stories to tell people later.</p> <p>If you are dyslexic and you want to learn a language there is nothing standing in your way: Be confident, use your creativity, and don´t give up!</p> <p> </p> <p>References: <a href="http://www.dyslexiaonline.com/basics/famous_dyslexics.html">http://www.dyslexiaonline.com/basics/famous_dyslexics.html</a></p> </div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-addthis field-type-addthis field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Share this:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div class="addthis_toolbox addthis_default_style addthis_32x32_style " addthis:title="Language Learning and Dyslexia - Instituto Exclusivo" addthis:url="http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/language-learning-and-dyslexia"><a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_facebook"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_twitter"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_google_plusone_share"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_cleanprint"></a> </div> </div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-tags field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Tags:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">Language Learning and Dyslexia / difficulties dyslexia / cognitive challenges / new language / speak the language / native speakers</div></div></div> Thu, 25 May 2017 02:14:37 +0000 Elizabeth Gould 169 at http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/language-learning-and-dyslexia#comments The importance of experiential classes http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/importance-experiential-classes <div class="field field-name-field-content-related field-type-node-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Content related:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/blog/la-importancia-de-las-clases-vivenciales">La importancia de las clases vivenciales </a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-author field-type-ds field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Author:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">Cecilia Mejia</div></div></div><div class="field field-name-post-date field-type-ds field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Post date:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">05/08/2017 - 23:44</div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-image field-type-image field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><img typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" src="http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/sites/default/files/styles/ie_blog__720x540_/public/2_0.jpeg?itok=dWFWdZq7" width="720" height="407" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even" property="content:encoded"><p>Learning a language has always been challenging for students because they have to learn grammar and develop the four skills inside and outside of the classroom. Many students follow a traditional learning method and sometimes this gets a bit tiring and they don’t always get the chance to test out what they’ve learnt.</p> <p>Being in real-life situations during the learning process, will teach students how to handle various scenarios that they will encounter, such as dealing with the present or future tense in a language. Because of this, it’s vital to offer experiential classes to students, because we help them to interact with the world through real-life situations and learning the vocabulary that they’ll come across day to day.</p> <p><img alt="" height="383" src="/sites/default/files/1.jpeg" style="float:left" width="336" />For instance, through activities like visits to the market, shopping centres and daily places that you frequent in any city. Or doing the shopping, going to the pharmacy, getting to know the different types of shops where the students can be in contact with the language, including seeing elements of the city: traffic signs, posters, and so on.</p> <p>Within the classes, you can experience real-life activities, such as following a recipe and applying everything you’ve learnt. For example, the vocabulary of kitchen utensils, the names of foods, cleaning activities and expressions you can use in this context to reinforce your knowledge the language.</p> <p>These activities make you apply everything you’ve learnt in a real and spontaneous way, which makes it a unique and fun experience.</p> <p> </p> </div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-addthis field-type-addthis field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Share this:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div class="addthis_toolbox addthis_default_style addthis_32x32_style " addthis:title=" The importance of experiential classes - Instituto Exclusivo" addthis:url="http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/importance-experiential-classes"><a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_facebook"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_twitter"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_google_plusone_share"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_cleanprint"></a> </div> </div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-tags field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Tags:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">Learning a language / traditional learning / learning process / knowledge the language</div></div></div> Tue, 09 May 2017 03:44:33 +0000 Cecilia Mejia 168 at http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/importance-experiential-classes#comments Tips to improve your oral expression http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/tips-improve-your-oral-expression <div class="field field-name-field-content-related field-type-node-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Content related:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/blog/consejos-para-mejorar-tu-expresi%C3%B3n-oral">Consejos para mejorar tu expresión oral </a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-author field-type-ds field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Author:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">Claudia Chambi</div></div></div><div class="field field-name-post-date field-type-ds field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Post date:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">04/24/2017 - 19:27</div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-image field-type-image field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><img typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" src="http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/sites/default/files/styles/ie_blog__720x540_/public/mejorar%20tu%20expresion%20oral_0.png?itok=-UuqeDxj" width="720" height="407" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even" property="content:encoded"><p class="rtecenter">If you want to improve your speaking skills:</p> <p class="rtecenter">Don’t be scared.</p> <p class="rtecenter">Pay attention to pronunciation from the start.</p> <p class="rtecenter">Be patient when pronouncing new words.</p> <p class="rtecenter">And if you’re not, record the correct pronunciation of that word or phrase</p> <p class="rtecenter">And listen to it another time, that way you’ll familiarise yourself with that word.</p> <p class="rtecenter">Don’t think too much when you’re speaking</p> <p class="rtecenter">Because you’ll get frustrated.</p> <p class="rtecenter">Increase your vocabulary and grammar when it’s lacking.</p> <p class="rtecenter">Make yourself read, that’s the only way you’ll improve your vocabulary.</p> <p class="rtecenter">Read aloud if you’re scared to speak in front of others.</p> <p class="rtecenter">Speak in front of a mirror to gain self-confidence.</p> <p style="text-align:center"><img alt="" height="213" src="/sites/default/files/practica%20frente%20al%20espejo.png" width="120" /></p> <p class="rtecenter">Find a native speaker and practice with them.</p> <p class="rtecenter">Speak as much as you can.</p> <p class="rtecenter">Have classes with a native teacher.</p> <p class="rtecenter">Risk making errors.</p> <p class="rtecenter">Push yourself to only speak the language you’re learning.</p> <p class="rtecenter">Listen to music.</p> <p style="text-align:center"><img alt="" height="213" src="/sites/default/files/escucha%20musica.png" width="120" /></p> <p class="rtecenter">Speak without fear, so you aren’t shy.</p> <p class="rtecenter">Enjoy learning new words.</p> <p class="rtecenter">Visit a country where they speak the language you’re learning.</p> <p style="text-align:center"><img alt="" height="213" src="/sites/default/files/visita%20diferentes%20paises.png" width="120" /></p> <p class="rtecenter">Stay there for a while.</p> <p class="rtecenter">Speak with the locals and also learn about their culture and customs.</p> <p class="rtecenter">Immerse yourself in the everyday life of the people who live there.</p> <p class="rtecenter">Come visit us!</p> <p class="rtecenter"> </p> <p><strong>Illustrations by: Elisa Beltrán y Pablo Palacios</strong></p> </div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-addthis field-type-addthis field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Share this:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div class="addthis_toolbox addthis_default_style addthis_32x32_style " addthis:title="Tips to improve your oral expression - Instituto Exclusivo" addthis:url="http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/tips-improve-your-oral-expression"><a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_facebook"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_twitter"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_google_plusone_share"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_cleanprint"></a> </div> </div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-tags field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Tags:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">Tips to improve your oral expression / ind a native speaker / Listen to music / Visit a country where they speak the language you’re learning / Speak with the locals</div></div></div> Mon, 24 Apr 2017 23:27:40 +0000 Claudia Chambi 166 at http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/tips-improve-your-oral-expression#comments Portraits of the past http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/portraits-past <div class="field field-name-field-content-related field-type-node-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Content related:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/blog/retratos-del-pasado">Retratos del pasado</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-author field-type-ds field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Author:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">Adriana Murillo</div></div></div><div class="field field-name-post-date field-type-ds field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Post date:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">04/11/2017 - 19:17</div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-image field-type-image field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><img typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" src="http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/sites/default/files/styles/ie_blog__720x540_/public/022_0.jpg?itok=8t7rx7Te" width="720" height="407" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even" property="content:encoded"><p>The treasures that have been guarded for centuries; maps of the past, avenues, streets, buildings, churches, carriages, photographs in sepia, stories of love and revenge; are part of our history. Conserving and preserving these treasures has been of vital importance  for the telling of the story of Latin America, especially Bolivia.</p> <p>The city of Potosí-Bolivia was founded on the 1st of April 1545 under the name “Villa Imperial de Carlos V” in honour of King Carlos V of Spain. Carlos awarded the city with its first coat of arms (1) which loyally reflected the spirit of a phrase still used in the present day, “I am rich Potosí, treasure of the world, king of all mountains and envy of kings”. This phrase not only reminds us of the grandeur and glory of “Sumaj Orcko”, mountain of silver, but of the power struggles and greed that cost the lives of many.</p> <p>Beyond a story written in blood and silver, it cannot be said that anyone in history denied the greatness of this place. For example, writers such as Miguel Cervantes Saavedra who immortalised the phrase “to be worth a Potosí” in his monumental work Don Quijote de la Mancha. This phrase expresses that something is worth a fortune.  </p> <p>“If I were to pay you Sancho”, responded Don Quijote, “as the importance and nature of this cure deserves, the treasures of Venice, the mines of Potosi, would not be enough to pay you. See what you have of mine, and put a price on each lash.”<img alt="" height="448" src="/sites/default/files/066.jpg" style="float:right" width="336" /></p> <p>Furthermore, in his work “The Doctor in Spite of Himself”, Molière writes “I would not change you, not for all the riches of Potosí”. However, without a doubt, the most renowned author to have told the story of Potosí in the most symbolic way was Bartolomé Arzáns de Orsua y Vela. A writer and historian born in Potosí (1676-1736), his name has been stamped in Latin American history and literature thanks to his spectacular work “History of the Imperial City of Potosí” which made him colonial literature´s most prominent historian (2). In the pages of his work you can find all of things already mentioned here: the letters, legends, stories, battles of an inhospitable land that was home to thousands of people who had been drawn by the idea of obtaining riches, treasure, and power.</p> <p>In the context of this description which tells of both honour and anguish, the city of Potosí, now home to 240.966 people, tells proudly of its days of glory. The nostalgic atmosphere of the past is conserved, a city filled with colonial buildings, narrow streets, and churches with incredibly valuable architecture. This all paints a picture of the town that built a country.  </p> <p> </p> <p>(1)     <a href="http://www.lhistoria.com/bolivia/potosi">http://www.lhistoria.com/bolivia/potosi</a></p> <p>(2)   <a href="http://cvc.cervantes.es/literatura/aih/pdf/02/aih_02_1_006.pdf">http://cvc.cervantes.es/literatura/aih/pdf/02/aih_02_1_006.pdf</a></p> <p> </p> </div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-addthis field-type-addthis field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Share this:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div class="addthis_toolbox addthis_default_style addthis_32x32_style " addthis:title="Portraits of the past - Instituto Exclusivo" addthis:url="http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/portraits-past"><a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_facebook"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_twitter"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_google_plusone_share"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_cleanprint"></a> </div> </div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-tags field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Tags:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">Potosí-Bolivia / mountain of silver / streets / buildings / churches / Miguel Cervantes Saavedra</div></div></div> Tue, 11 Apr 2017 23:17:22 +0000 Adriana Murillo 164 at http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/portraits-past#comments A city in the clouds http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/city-clouds <div class="field field-name-field-content-related field-type-node-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Content related:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/blog/una-ciudad-en-las-alturas">Una ciudad en las alturas</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-author field-type-ds field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Author:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">Milka Peñaranda</div></div></div><div class="field field-name-post-date field-type-ds field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Post date:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">03/27/2017 - 15:33</div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-image field-type-image field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><img typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" src="http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/sites/default/files/styles/ie_blog__720x540_/public/Milka1_0.jpg?itok=LxtJn8xf" width="720" height="407" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even" property="content:encoded"><p>When one begins to describe a city, the first things that come to mind are images of buildings, houses, squares, fountains etc. One also imagines the natural elements of the city: mountains, trees, hanging baskets that everyone can always enjoy, and of course, the culture of the place. However, when one thinks of El Alto, certain things automatically spring to mind. For example: the quantity of people, the fairs, the country people´s markets, indigenous people, street food, but also conflicts between residents and confrontations between trade unions and the police.</p> <p>But, without a doubt, the city of El Alto is more than this. It is the youngest city in Bolivia, situated in the west on the high plateau of the La Paz department at more than 4000 metres above sea level. From these heights, one can appreciate marvellous views of the Andes and Real mountain ranges. To the south is the imperious Illimani and to the northwest, the whitest peak, Huyana Potosí.</p> <p>In this city, there are many areas whose urban planning centres on a main square which all the residents have use of along with an abundance of wide, flat avenues abound where the wind and cold play ¨a la pesca, pesca¨. Of course, there are a vast number of one and two story houses and buildings of up to five stories many of which, thanks to the economic situation of the residents, are made simply from clay bricks. Along the length of ¨Avenida Panorámica¨ one returns to the past in small plastic tents situated in earth streets. Here, among magic, luck and natural potions are the ¨yatiris¨ who take care of all types of curiosities, predictions, ailments, luck and desires.</p> <p>By ¨Avenida Cívica¨ under a cold sky, in a network of lights and hanging baskets, The Prado can be found. Full of fountains of dancing water and coloured lights, here the citizens of El Alto enjoy walking, jogging, cycling, skating and spending time with family.</p> <p>In order to give a complete description of the city in the clouds, it is impossible to not mention the recently opened blue teleférico which, without a doubt, will bring thousands of emotions to its passengers.</p> <hr /><p>1Traditional Bolivian game played by several children which consists of one child as the chaser and other children who run to avoid being caught.</p> <p>2 Store mounted, usually made of plastic material.</p> <p> </p> </div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-addthis field-type-addthis field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Share this:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div class="addthis_toolbox addthis_default_style addthis_32x32_style " addthis:title="A city in the clouds - Instituto Exclusivo" addthis:url="http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/city-clouds"><a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_facebook"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_twitter"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_google_plusone_share"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_cleanprint"></a> </div> </div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-tags field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Tags:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">the city of El Alto / bolivia / Andes and Real mountain / La Paz / blue teleférico</div></div></div> Mon, 27 Mar 2017 19:33:15 +0000 Milka Peñaranda 162 at http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/city-clouds#comments EUSTAQUIO (Short story) http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/eustaquio-short-story <div class="field field-name-field-content-related field-type-node-reference field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Content related:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="/blog/eustaquio-cuento">EUSTAQUIO (Cuento)</a></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-author field-type-ds field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Author:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">Alvaro Vásquez</div></div></div><div class="field field-name-post-date field-type-ds field-label-inline clearfix"><div class="field-label">Post date:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">03/14/2017 - 19:52</div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-image field-type-image field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><img typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" src="http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/sites/default/files/styles/ie_blog__720x540_/public/20170314_192344.jpg?itok=7-0iAyTu" width="720" height="407" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even" property="content:encoded"><p>They told me that there was a saint with my name. Maybe I should pray to that saint ... I don´t know if it would have helped.</p> <p>They also told me that this saint was killed, because he refused to accept orders from the government, they put him inside a metal bull with his wife and children and burned them alive.</p> <p>Maybe a curse came to me with my name? Should I also face the government and die for working with ore, such as the one that was used to make that bull?</p> <p>Nobody has my name anymore; it's a strange name, an old-fashioned one ... like me. Nobody understands me anymore. My mates say that we just have to wait, that we should negotiate. The government says that there is nothing to do, that there is no money! But... Is it not my money? It's a contribution for your future, they've said, for your retirement, they've said.</p> <p>I don´t know how to fight or how to take care of myself here. In the mine it is easier, you put on your guardatojo and that´s it, it protects you in the tojeo, that's why my helmet is named that way. If I blow up dynamite here, what would happen with those that have no guardatojo? It makes me want to blow them up with dynamite, to see if they understand what it is to spend your life down there,that after cutting your salary, now they say that there is no money.</p> <p>They say that a guardatojo costs one hundred dollars and that´s why it´s the first thing robbed from the miners when they are drunk, and then sell it in the mining cooperatives. It seems worth spending a hundred dollars to take care of us and keep us working, but there is no money for us when we need to eat, they say.</p> <p>One hundred dollars ... and it is so dirty.</p> <p align="center">***</p> <p>It sounds like dynamite, but they´ve already told me that it is nothing, that people light firecrackers in the stadium. Today they play against the Chileans, they say. I thought it was dynamite, I was already cheering; others have thought the same as me, I said.</p> <p>But it must be a sign.</p> <p>My name is useless, my job is no longer useful, my struggle is no longer useful; nothing I do, nothing that I am seems to be useful anymore.</p> <p>I even thought about selling my guardatojo. A hundred dollars, I was told. But it would be like selling my soul. My guardatojo is more than a helmet, it's a mark, and it’s my pride, that´s why we keep using it when we're in town. It is a way of shouting out what I do, how I live, why I live ... let it be also a way of shouting how I die, why I die.</p> <p> </p> <p>[1] Guardatojo: Metallic helmet used by miners to protect themselves in indoor mine tasks</p> <p>[2] Tojeo: Drilling work done in the tunnel mining, for dynamite placement. It is one of the most dangerous tasks</p> <p>N del E: According to several Bolivian media reports, on March 30, 2004, miner Eustaquio Picachuri entered the Bolivian Congress building and threatened to detonate the dynamite he had in his backpack if he didn´t get the contributions he had made for 14 years back. His claim came from the fact that he was told that he could not withdraw (due to a change in the pension system).</p> <p>That same day, in the city of La Paz a Bolivian soccer team played against a Chilean one.</p> <p>After three tense hours of unsuccessful negotiation, the dynamite was detonated, causing several injured people, and the death of Picachuri and two policemen.</p> <p>Some witnesses showed their surprise by the fact that Picachuri´s helmet looked clean and bright, so different from the rest of his attire.</p> <p> </p> </div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-addthis field-type-addthis field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Share this:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div class="addthis_toolbox addthis_default_style addthis_32x32_style " addthis:title="EUSTAQUIO (Short story) - Instituto Exclusivo" addthis:url="http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/eustaquio-short-story"><a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_facebook"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_twitter"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_google_plusone_share"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_cleanprint"></a> </div> </div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-tags field-type-taxonomy-term-reference field-label-above"><div class="field-label">Tags:&nbsp;</div><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">government / fight / cooperatives / dynamite / La Paz</div></div></div> Tue, 14 Mar 2017 23:52:48 +0000 Alvaro Vásquez 158 at http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com http://www.instituto-exclusivo.com/blog/eustaquio-short-story#comments